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Baby Boomer Generation


Who are the Baby Boomers?  Baby Boomers are defined as...

...the “Sandwich Babies” or “War Babies” (1946-1964)

Generation - Baby Boomer Baby Boomers were lucky to face a time of great prosperity and calm in America after the devastating Second World War. The return of soldiers to their homeland meant a greater rise in babies—annual births increased 4,000,000 babies. Hence the boom!

According to Wikipedia, "The term "baby boomer" was coined by Landon Jones, in his book Great Expectations: America and the Baby Boom Generation, which defined the span of the baby-boom generation as extending from 1943 through 1960."

*The below research outlines the cultural influences that were released during the birth time of the Baby Boom  Obviously, Baby Boomers are also influenced by other generations.  For more on other generations, go to our generations menu.

A Note From Our Resident Baby Boomer

Stage of Life Baby BoomerMeet Greg, Our Baby Boomer

The year was 1946, symbolic of the end of World War II, and the return of our brave soldiers from theaters of war around the world.  The returning soldiers from this war, unlike that of the later Vietnam War, were treated with respect and love.  While the men were away at war, many jobs that otherwise would have been taken by them were filled by women and minorities to meet the shortages and demands for war supplies and goods.  The returning soldiers not only faced job shortages, but housing shortages as well. The GI bill was created out of necessity to bolster the economy, and provide a chance for these returning men to get educations, build houses and Baby Boomers and the Vietnam Warstart families.  The wheels were set in motion for one of the largest generations to that time in history, the baby boomers!

Reintegration into regular life following the war was not all smooth.  As well as problems finding work, the family structure faced challenges.  With the absence of their fathers, many children were what was considered, undisciplined, and the fathers would face difficulties re-initiating their fatherly status and figure in the household.  The resentment of children towards these returning figures that they hardly knew, due to their absence for so many years, would further create hardships for returning fathers.  Many women who had discovered an independence while taking on the jobs of men during their absence, were now pulled back out of these positions and expected to take on the role of homemaker and housewife.  This would no less create a gender conflict in American society.


Baby Boomers and Breakfast at TiffanysIn the years that would follow, many social and cultural changes would in effect change the country and the face of society.  Americans would look at life through different eyes for the first time in our country's history.  Some of the greatest music and performers would come out of the baby boomer generation.  Much of the music of the time would be considered the roots of rock & roll!  Many of the riffs and beats would set the stage and roots for music of today.  Musical scores from movies of the times, such as "Moon River" by Henry Mancini are considered classics that are still very present in media of modern times.  The influences that movies, actors and actresses would have on  the young generation of the time would be apparent in everything from dress, to lifestyle choices.


 "No one can forget the long slender black cigarette holder that Audrey Hepburn held so gracefully!"

Peyton PlacePersonal choices that would have been looked down upon then were socially challenged as young baby boomers explored the taboo of the times!  Novels such as "Peyton Place" would be considered scandalous, yet curiosity and intrigue would be the lure.  Ironically, some things such as smoking, which is looked down upon in modern times, was a very acceptable lifestyle choice back then.  Smoking was permitted in grocery stores, doctor offices, restaurants, the work place it would not be until the 1980's that smoking would become unacceptable in many public places.  All the way down to the simplicity and honesty of everyday life.  Take 'counter checks' for instance; there were no credit cards, you would just walk into a department store or bank, grab a blank check and fill it out!


It seems that to the generation prior, books, radio and newspapers were the 'media' of that time.  But with the baby boomers, came a time of new media.   None would intrude into one's life as much as television did.  Television would ultimately   change forever how the world was viewed and made the most difference in the baby boomer era and personal lives.


"The black and white screen, commanding the use of two senses instead of one, demanded and held our attention and we didn't want to shut it off, fearing we might miss something."


Martin Luther King, "I have a dream" speechThere was no longer the feeling of confinement.  No longer was one left to exist only in their small farm towns, hometowns or places they were raised.  Instead, the world around them, the moon and all of their glory became this generations own to explore and experience.  But along with any positive experiences came exposure to world events and happenings such as racial discrimination, hatred, violence and suffering that until this period in time had never been known to many people in their tiny dot on the map.   The number of births between 1946 and 1964 is numbered as 76 million.  With this number came a generation of change that has left many with the freedoms and memories we all hold close today!


 "The loss of innocence in so many ways was the price for the freedoms we gained.  Was it worth it?  Yes!"


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Television

Baby Boomer Generation TelevisionThe birth of television into American society was a huge influence on baby boomers.  Everything that was seen on TV was believable, and parents considered it educational.  TV just seemed realistic in the eyes of the youth of the 50’s & 60’s. 

As the independence movement began to sway housewives into jobs, TV became somewhat of a ‘babysitter’ for many baby boomers.  Whether it was weekly musicals, drama, catch phrases that the girls would sing like, “kookie, kookie lend me your comb” from the TV show ‘77 Sunset  Strip’ or intrigue like that of TV’s masked hero’s; television grasped the nation. 

It’s influences on the baby boomer generation could be seen in all aspects of life.  Back then, violence on TV was never real.  The Bad guys and only the Bad guys were killed and simply fell to the ground, looking like they had gone to sleep; no blood, gore screams…no moans or tears.  Who would have ever thought that such a passive past time could change so much through the years, to what it has become today?


1940’s:
  • Hopalong Cassidy   - 1946
  • Face To Face  - 1946
  • Winner Take All  - 1946
  • Who Said That  - 1947
  • Kraft Television Theater  - 1947
  • The Howdy Doody Show  - 1947
  • Meet The Press  - 1947
  • The Ed Sullivan Show   - 1948
  • The Adventures Of Oky Doky  - 1948
  • The CBS Evening News  - 1948
  • Candid Camera  - 1948
  • Ford Theater  - 1948
  • The Schoolhouse  - 1949
  • Ripleys Belive It Or Not  - 1949
  • The Life Of Riley  - 1949
  • The Jack Benny Show  - 1949
  • The Lone Ranger   - 1949

1950’s:

  • The Adventures Of Ellery Queen  - 1950
  • The Perry Como Show  -1950
  • The Colgate Comedy Hour  - 1950
  • Truth Or Consequences  - 1950
  • What’s My Line  - 1950
  • Lawrence Welk  - 1951
  • Dragnet (1987)   - 1951
  • The Honeymooners  - 1951
  • I Love Lucy: The Complete Series   - 1951
  • The Dinah Shore Show  - 1951
  • The Red Skelton Show  - 1951
  • Search For Tomorrow  - 1951
  • The Today Show  - 1952
  • Death Valley Days  - 1952
  • The Adventures Of Ozzie & Harriet  - 1952
  • Abbott & Costello  - 1952
  • The Adventures Of Superman  - 1952
  • The Eddy Arnold Show  - 1952
  • The Jackie Gleason Show  - 1952
  • General Electric Theater  - 1953
  • Lassie   - 1954
  • The Tonight Show  - 1954
  • Face The Nation  - 1954
  • Father Knows Best  - 1954
  • The Mickey Mouse Club  - 1955
  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents  - 1955
  • The Lennon Sisters  - 1955
  • Gunsmoke   - 1955
  • Captain Kangaroo  - 1955
  • As The World Turns  - 1956
  • To Tell The Truth  - 1956
  • American Bandstand  - 1957
  • Pat Boone  - 1957
  • Divorce Court  - 1957
  • Leave It To Beaver  - 1957
  • Perry Mason  - 1957
  • The Gumby Show - 1957
  • Bat Masterson  - 1958
  • 77 Sunset Strip  - 1958
  • The Texan  - 1958
  • The Huckleberry Hound Show   - 1959
  • The Twilight Zone  - 1959
  • The Untouchables  - 1959
  • Dennis The Menace  - 1959
  • Rocky & Bullwinkle & Friends  - 1959
  • Bonanza   - 1959
  • Rawhide  - 1959
  • Dobie Gillis  - 1959
  • The Andy Williams Show  - 1959
  • The Bell Telephone Hour  - 1959
  • The Quick Draw McGraw Show  - 1959
1960’s:
  • My Three Sons  - 1960
  • The Andy Griffith Show   - 1960
  • Route 66  - 1960
  • The Bozo Show  - 1960
  • The Flintstones   - 1960
  • The Bob Newhart Show  - 1961
  • The Yogi Bear Show  - 1961
  • Car 54 Where Are You  - 1961
  • The Dick Van Dyke Show   - 1961
  • The Mike Douglas Show  - 1961
  • Mister Ed  - 1961
  • Hazel  - 1961
  • The Wide World Of Sports  - 1961
  • The Roy Rogers And Dale Evans Show  - 1962
  • The Jetsons  - 1962
  • The Beverly Hillbillies  - 1962
  • The Merv Griffin Show  - 1962
  • McHales Navy  - 1962
  • Petticoat Junction    - 1963
  • The Courtship Of Eddie’s Father  - 1963
  • Wild Kingdom  - 1963
  • Patty Duke  - 1963
  • Outer Limits  - 1963
  • General Hospital  - 1963
  • Bob Hope Presents The Chrysler Theater  - 1963
  • Lets Make A Deal  - 1963
  • Bewitched   - 1964
  • Gilligan's Island   - 1964
  • Jeopardy  - 1964
  • Voyage To The Bottom Of The Sea  - 1964
  • The Munsters   - 1964
  • Flipper  - 1964
  • The Addams Family - 1964
  • The Monkees TV Show - 1966
  • Star Trek - 1966

Music

Baby Boomer Generation MusicThe thing about music that has always interested me is the way artists and musicians interact amongst each other.  One musician may have rose out of that band, you see one name and it corresponds somehow with another….the successes and talents were so broad!  Big Band sounds, swing and jazz seemed to dominate the 1940’s, while BeeBop and the roots of Rock&Roll transitioned into the 1950’s. Out of this amazing time came the rapid evolution into folk and Rock into the 1960’s.
 

1940's
  • Frank Sinatra
  • Sarah Vaughan
  • Miles Davis
  • Henry Mancini
  • Thelonious Monk
  • Charlie Parker
  • Bud Powell
  • Muddy Waters
  • Lennie Tristano
  • Carl Perkins
  •  Bo Didley
  • Fats Domino
1950's
  • The Supremes
  • Bobby Darin
  • Bill Haley And His Comets
  • Ray Charles
  • The Everly Brothers
  • Johnny Cash
  • Elvis Presley
  • Pat Boone
  • Sam Cooke
  • Dave Brubeck
  • Harry Belafonte
  • Johnny Mathis
  • Chuck Berry
  • Dionne Warwick
  • Kingston Trio
  • Buddy Holly
  • The Platters
  • Little Richard
  • Ritchie Valens
  • Jerry Lee Lewis
  • The Coasters
  • Dion DiMucci
  • Bobby Vee
  • Ramblin Jack Elliot
  • The Kingston Trio
  • The Weavers
  • Johnny Rivers
1960's

Books

Baby Boomer Generation BooksThroughout time literature, writing and books have grasped the imagination, propelled us into other worlds and taken us on the greatest adventures of our lives!  The baby boomers rose up out of a generation who along with radio, lived by their books.  It is apparent how the times were changing, so too were the signs of innocence and gender/social status through books such as “Peyton Place” which might possibly be conveniently left out by a parent for accessibility by their youth….but never ever talked about or discussed.  “Atlas Shrugged” could be an impact on young women of the time due to the main character being a strong business woman, a role model for some?!”

1940’s:
1950’s:
1960’s:

Movies

Baby Boomer Generation MoviesSneaking people into the drive-in inside the trunk of your car….the playground for kids at the bottom of the monstrous outdoor screen…. ’Let’s all go to the lobby to get ourselves a treat’, meeting the gang and having more fun with tomfoolery than watching the show….all symbolic of times forgotten!  Now it costs more for a medium bag of popcorn and a medium soda than it does for the cost of the movie itself!  Forget the $4.00 candy bar!  These days going out to a movie, for many, means plopping on the sofa and ordering Netflix.  A nations favorite past time still exists, but the forms of media, costs, and the time people make to do it have all changed from what baby boomers knew back in the day.  But the one thing that hasn’t changed is the appetite to sit back and watch a good classic or favorite, snuggled close to the one you love!

1940’s:

  • The Big Sleep  - 1946
  • Great Expectations  - 1946
  • It's A Wonderful Life  - 1946
  • My Darling Clementine   - 1946
  • A Night In Casablanca  - 1946
  • Road To Utopia  - 1946
  • The Postman Always Rings Twice  - 1946
  • Song Of The South  - 1946
  • Dark Passage  - 1947
  • Kiss Of Death  - 1947
  • The Farmers Daughter  - 1947
  • The Fugitive  - 1947
  • The Ghost And Mrs. Muir  - 1947
  • Miracle On 34th Street  - 1947
  • Queen Of The Amazons  - 1947
  • Oliver Twist  - 1948
  • Red River  - 1948
  • Romance On The High Seas  - 1948
  • Hamlet  - 1948
  • Key Largo  - 1948
  • Fort Apache  - 1948
  • The Lady From Shanghai  - 1948
  • The Three Musketeers  - 1948
  • The Treasure Of The Sierra Madre  - 1948
  • Little Women  - 1949
  • A Letter To Three Wives  - 1949
  • Mighty Joe Young  - 1949
  • Twelve O’Clock High  - 1949
  • Sands Of Iwo Jima  - 1949
  • Sampson And Delilah  - 1949
  • Batman And Robin  - 1949
  • All The Kings Men  - 1949
  • She Wore A Yellow Ribbon  - 1949

1950’s:

  • Treasure Island  - 1950
  • Annie Get Your Gun  - 1950
  • The Asphalt Jungle  - 1950
  • Panic In The Streets  - 1950
  • The Black Rose  - 1950
  • Sunset Boulevard  - 1950
  • The West Point Story  - 1950
  • Canery Row  - 1950
  • Cinderella  -1950
  • Boobs In The Woods  - 1950
  • Scrooge  - 1951
  • The Day The Earth Stood Still  - 1951
  • Alice In Wonderland  - 1951
  • Flying Leathernecks  - 1951
  • The Red Badge Of Courage  - 1951
  • A Streetcar Named Desire  - 1951
  • The Greatest Show On Earth  - 1952
  • Hans Christian Anderson  - 1952
  • The Story Of Robinhood And His Merrie Men  - 1952
  • From Here To Eternity  - 1953
  • The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms  - 1953
  • It Came From Outer Space  - 1953
  • Peter Pan  - 1953
  • Seven Brides For Seven Brothers  - 1954
  • Creature From The Black Lagoon  - 1954
  • The Adventures Of Robinson Crusoe  - 1954
  • Godzilla  - 1954
  • The Caine Mutiny  - 1954
  • The Seven Year Itch  - 1955
  • It Came From Beneath The Sea  - 1955
  • To Catch A Thief  - 1955
  • Lady And The Tramp  - 1955
  • The Ladykillers  - 1955
  • A Rebel Without A Cause  - 1955
  • Davey Crockett King Of The Wild Frontier  - 1955
  • East Of Eden  - 1955
  • Giant  - 1956
  • War And Peace  - 1956
  • Love Me Tender  - 1956
  • The Girl Cant Help It  - 1956
  • Godzilla, King Of Monsters  - 1956
  • Around The World In 80 Days  - 1956
  • Earth vs The Flying Saucers  - 1956
  • Invasion Of The Body Snatchers  - 1956
  • The Hunchback Of Notre Dame  - 1956
  • The Bridge on the River Kwai   - 1957
  • Jailhouse Rock  - 1957
  • The Abominable Snowman  - 1957
  • Attack Of The Crab Monsters  - 1957
  • An Affair To Remember  - 1957
  • 12 Angry Men   - 1957
  • Gunfight at the O.K. Corral   - 1957
  • Old Yeller   - 1957
  • I Was A Teenaged Werewolf  - 1957
  • Incredible Shrinking Man  - 1957
  • The Seventh Voyage Of Sinbad  - 1958
  • A Touch Of Evil  - 1958
  • Attack Of The 50 Foot Woman  - 1958
  • The Old Man And The Sea  - 1958
  • The Fly  - 1958
  • The Blob  - 1958
  • Hercules   - 1958
  • The Badlanders  - 1958
  • The Buccaneer  - 1958
  • Robinhood Daffy  - 1958
  • Rock A Bye Baby  - 1958
  • South Pacific  - 1958
  • Dracula  - 1958
  • A Tale Of Two Cities  - 1958
  • The Diary Of Anne Frank  - 1959
  • Ben-Hur   - 1959
  • The Hound Of Baskervilles  - 1959
  • Rio Bravo  - 1959
  • Journey to the Center of the Earth   - 1959
  • Darby O’Gill And The Little People  - 1959
  • The Shaggy Dog  - 1959
  • Sleeping Beauty   - 1959
  • The Man Who Could Cheat Death  - 1959

1960’s:

  • The Magnificent Seven  - 1960
  • North To Alaska  - 1960
  • Little Shop of Horrors   - 1960
  • The Time Machine  - 1960
  • Sink The Bismarck!  - 1960
  • Psycho  - 1960
  • The Rat Race  - 1960
  • Spartacus  - 1960
  • G.I. Blues  - 1960
  • Ocean’s Eleven  - 1960
  • Swiss Family Robinson  - 1960
  • The Unforgiven  - 1960
  • The Parent Trap  - 1961
  • Snow White And The Three Stooges  - 1961
  • 101 Dalmatians   - 1961
  • Breakfast At Tiffany's ’s  - 1961
  • West Side Story  - 1961
  • The Absent Minded Professor  - 1961
  • Babes In Toyland  - 1961
  • The Guns Of Navarone  - 1961
  • The Hustler  - 1961
  • The Flower Drum Song  - 1961
  • The Rebel  - 1961
  • The Misfits  - 1961
  • Blue Hawaii  - 1961
  • Big Red  - 1962
  • The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance  - 1962
  • The Nutty Professor   - 1962
  • To Kill a Mockingbird   - 1962
  • The Manchurian Candidate   - 1962
  • Cape Fear  - 1962
  • How The West Was Won  - 1962
  • Mutiny On The Bounty  - 1962
  • Days Of Wine And Roses  - 1962
  • Lawrence Of Arabia  - 1962
  • The Longest Day  - 1962
  • The Birds  - 1963
  • The Great Escape   - 1963
  • From Russia With Love   - 1963
  • Nutty Professor  - 1963
  • The Incredible Journey  - 1963
  • It Happened At The World’s Fair  - 1963
  • Jason and the Argonauts   - 1963
  • The Haunting  - 1963
  • Cleopatra   - 1963
  • McLintock!  - 1963
  • A Fistful Of Dollars  - 1964
  • Goldfinger   - 1964
  • Godzilla vs Mothra  - 1964
  • Robinson Crusoe On Mars  - 1964
  • A Hard Day’s Night  - 1964
  • The Incredible Mr. Limpet  - 1964
  • Kissin’ Cousins  - 1964
  • Mary Poppins   - 1964
  • Muscle Beach Party  - 1964
  • My Fair Lady  - 1964
  • The Pink Panther   - 1964
  • Santa Clause Conquers The Martians  - 1964
  • Viva Las Vegas  - 1964
  • Take Her, She's Mine  - 1964
  • Fail Safe  - 1964


Comics

Baby Boomer Generation ComicsDuring the post war economy, which was a far cry from the depression era that most parents lived through, they set out to give their children the best of everything.  Thus, marketers and advertisers looked at children as important consumers as they found a way to satisfy their needs.  The comic book industry achieved great success to baby boomers kids, especially boys.  In the mid 1950’s the industry found chaos as television began to provide alternative entertainment for comic book readers.  Which one of us doesn’t remember the anticipation every week to open the newspaper and see the latest of our favorite cartoon or hit the news stand for the newest comic book?
 


Popular Comics Of The Times:
  • Little Dot, Little Audrey, Little Lotta, Casper The Friendly Ghost, Wendy The Good Little Witch, Spooky, Richie Rich, Hot Stuff And Little Devil, Little Lulu - Alfred Harvey
  • Beetle Bailey – Mort Walker
  • Dennis The Menace – Hank Ketcham
  • Doonesbury – Gary Trudeau
  • Pogo – Walter Kelly
  • Charlie Brown & The Peanuts – Charles M Schulz
  • Star Spangled War Stories – DC Comics
  • The Avengers – Stan Lee
  • Merry Menagerie, Uncle Remus & His Tales Of Br’er Rabbit, Treasury Of Classic Tales, Mickey Mouse & His Friends, Donald Duck, Uncle Scrooge, True Life Adventures  - Walt Disney Comics
  • Airboy Comics – Charles Biro, Dick Wood & Al Camy
  • Setting The Standard: Comics By Alex Toth
  • The Lone Ranger – Ed Kressy & later, Charles Flanders
  • The Thing – Charlton Comics

Radio Programs

“The baby boomer era would be the last to see the production and airing of radio shows or programs that up to this point had such large popularity among people of all ages.  Radio was the great entertainer and informer of the first half of the 1900’s.  Family’s couldn’t wait for their favorite shows to air each week, and would huddle together around the family radio, listening with anticipation and delight.  These days of radio would begin to see change as the television made it’s debut with more and more families being able to afford the luxury of this new media and the believable and simple shows that it provided for viewing pleasure.  Although many radio shows would continue to be aired, some still airing today, by the mid 1950’s very few new shows were being produced.  The day came when ‘video killed the radio star‘!”

Radio Shows Airing 1940’s:

  • The Adventures of Sam Spade   (1946-1951)
  • The Amazing Nero Wolfe   (1946)
  • Academy Award Radio   (1946)
  • Treasury Agent   (1946-1958)
  • Twenty Questions   (1946-1954)
  • The Jimmy Wakely Show   (1946-1958)
  • Let George Do It   (1946-1955)
  • Official Detective   (1946-1957)
  • Murder At Midnight   (1946-1947)
  • Second Mrs. Burton   (1946-1960)
  • Sergeant Preston Of The Yukon   (1946-1955)
  • The Abbott and Costello Children's Show   (1947-1949)
  • The Eddy Howard Orchestra   (1947-1956)
  • Escape   (1947-1954)
  • The Greatest Story Ever Told   (1947-1956)
  • The Jim Backus Show   (1947-1958)
  • Joseph C Harsch   (1947-1956)
  • My Friend Irma  (1947-1954)
  • On The Line With Bob Considine  (1947-1963)
  • Proudly We Hail  (1947-1957)
  • Strike It Rich  (1947-1957)
  • This Is Nora Blake  (1947-1959)
  • Voyage Of The Scarlet Queen  (1947-1948)
  • Wendy Warren And The News  (1947-1958)
  • You Bet Your Life   (1947-1950)
  • Frontier Gentleman   (1948)
  • The Jane Pickens Show   (1948-1957)
  • Jean Sheppard   (1948-1977)
  • Louisiana Hayride   (1948-1958)
  • My Favorite Husband   (1948-1951)
  • Our Miss Brooks   (1948-1957)
  • The Phil Harris-Alice Faye Show   (1948-1954)
  • Bandstand USA    (1949-1963)
  • Broadway Is My Beat   (1949-1954)
  • Crime Does Not Pay   (1949-1952)
  • Father Knows Best   (1949-1954)
  • Dragnet   (1949-1957)
  • Frank & Ernest   (1949-1963)  
  • The Halls Of Ivy   (1949-1952)
  • Oklahoma City Symphony Orchestra   (1949-1963)
  • Tales Of Fatima   (1949)
  • Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar   (1949-1962)

Radio Shows Airing 1950’s:

  • The New Adventures of Nero Wolfe   (1950-1951)
  • The Big Show   (1950-1951)
  • Cloak And Dagger   (1950)
  • Dimension X   (1950-1951)
  • Mark Trail   (1950-1952)
  • Night Beat   (1950-1952)
  • Paul Harvey   (1950-present)
  • Tales Of The Texas Rangers   (1950-1952)
  • The Bold Venture   (1951-1952)
  • The Jack Eigen Show   (1951-1971)
  • Pete Kelly’s Blues   ( 1951)
  • The Red Foley Show   (1951-1961)
  • The Lives of Harry Lime   (1951-1952)
  • This I Believe   (1951-1955)
  • The Whisperer   (1951)
  • Gunsmoke   (1952-1961)
  • I Love Lucy   (1952)
  • I Was A Communist For The FBI   (1952-1954)
  • Michael Shayne   (1952-1953)
  • My Little Margie   (1952-1955)
  • The Six Shooter   (1952-1954)
  • Space Patrol   (1952-1955)
  • Tom Corbett, Space Cadet   (1952)
  • Wings Of Healing   (1952-1963)
  • Crime Classics   (1953-1954)
  • Hour Of Decision  (1953-present)
  • Leading Question   (1953-1963)
  • Ozark Jubilee   (1953-1960)
  • Stroke Of Fate   (1953)
  • Face The Nation   (1954-1970)
  • The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin   (1955)
  • Monitor   (1955-1975)
  • X Minus One  (1955-1958)
  • Fort Laramie   (1956)
  • Heartbeat Theater   (1956-1977)
  • Swingin’ Years  (1956-2006)
  • Have Gun Will Travel   (1957-1963)
  • The Stan Freberg Show   (1957)
  • Grandpa And The Toad  - 1958 - 1963

Radio Showa Airing 1960’s:

  • Open Forum  (1961-2011)

Beat Poets

“What would become the roots that led to the hippie generation and counterculture of the 1960’s, the beat generation was born from post WWII writers in the 1950’s.  Writer Jack Kerouac used the term ‘beat generation’ to describe his small social circle.  The underlying philosophy of the movement was visionary enlightenment, Zen Buddhism, and Amerindian and was centered around;  North Beach, San Francisco; Venice West, Los Angeles and;  Greenwich Village, New York City.  Readings would occur in such places as bookstores and bagel shops often accompanied by jazz.  A common theme that linked them all together was a rejection of the prevailing American middle-class values, the purposelessness of modern society and the need for withdrawal and protest.  Groups and artists such as Bob Dylan, The Beetles, Jefferson Airplane, Joan Baez, Crosby Stills Nash and Young, and Country Joe And The Fish were heavily influenced by the Beat Generation.“

The Inner Circle of Beat Poets and Influences:

  • Jack Kerouac
  • Allen Ginsberg
  • William Burroughs
  • Gregory Corso
  • Kenneth Rexroth
  • Gary Snyder
  • Bob Kaufman
  • Anne Waldman
  • Lawrence Ferlinghetti
  • Philip Whalen
  • Neal Cassady
  • Diane di Prima
  • Michael McClure


Cultural and Political Events

Baby Boomers... Do you remember these cultural and political events?


 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

1947, July 4th weekend 

The infamous Gypsy Tour was held in Hollister California where many motorcycle clubs, mainly comprised of WWII veterans gathered.  This event was universally associated with the 'birth of the American biker'.  After returning from the war where they experienced harsh conditions and emotional hardships in the horror of war, many tried to assimilate back into society.  Some found that the attraction to the rebel lifestyle of big powerful motorcycles, hard alcohol, and turning face on mainstream society was they needed after the mind bending experiences of the war.

 
Baby Boomer Historical Events 

April 4, 1949 

The United States is included in the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO, which states that members of the alliance will come to the defense of each other in response to any attack from outside countries or hostiles. 

 
 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

1955 

- Marks the beginning of the civil rights movement.  The movement began largely with civil disobedience and acts of non-violent protests.  This caused many crisis situations between activists and government authorities both on the Federal and local levels.

 
 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

July 16, 1956 

- The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports is established by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. In the 1961-62 school year, a pilot program by the council involved a quarter million schoolchildren.  At the end of the year, half again as many students had passed a physical fitness test as had a year earlier.  Despite it’s well intensions, many failed PE that year because they couldn’t do, for instance, the required amount of push-ups, chin-ups and sit-ups.  Sadly, years later, the same scenarios are being experienced by students in such government programs as ‘No Child Left Behind’.  In 1963, President John F. Kennedy changed the name to the President's Council on Physical Fitness, expanded the mandate to all Americans as well as youth, and clarified the purpose and function of the Council.

 
 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

February 1, 1960

-  After being refused service, four men at a Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro NC  sat at a ‘whites only’ counter until the store closed, ignoring demands from the manager to leave.

 
 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

April 1961

– The Bay Of Pigs.  A group of Cuban’s  exiled from Cuba and trained by the CIA,  leads an invasion into southern Cuba in an effort to overthrow the Castro regime in Cuba.  They are met with resistance by Eastern Bloc trained soldiers and defeated in 3 days.

 
 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

October 1962

- The Cuban missile crisis was a confrontation between the United States and Soviet Union who was secretly working inside Cuba to build bases with Cuba that would be home to nuclear missiles capable of striking within the continental US.   The United States demanded that all bases within Cuba be dismantled by the Soviets, and proceeded to form a blockade preventing anymore over sea transport of Soviet Missiles and/or supplies for missile bases.  Reluctant, the Soviets eventually backed down to John F Kennedy’s use of force, and secret agreements between the Soviet Union, and the United States with help from the United Nations.  A nuclear war was very narrowly averted between the US and Soviet Union.

 
 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

November 22, 1963 

- President John F Kennedy was fatally shot while riding in a Presidential motorcade in Dealey Plaza, Dallas Texas.  Ask just about anyone from that period and most can tell you exactly where they were and what they were doing when they heard the news.  For some, it never was real until the swearing in of Vice President Johnson, as President.

 
 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

July 2, 1964

- The passage of the Civil Rights Act Of 1964 which banned discrimination based on "race, color, religion, or national origin" in employment practices and public accommodations.

 
 

Baby Boomer Historical Events

The beginning years of the United States space program:

  • January 31, 1958  - United States launches it’s first satellite named Explorer 1.
  • April 1, 1960  - United Sates launches first weather satellite named Trois 1.
  • August 1, 1961  - United States launches first spy satellite.
  • May 5, 1961  - United States launches Mercury Freedom 7 with the first US man in space.
  • July 22, 1962  - United States launches Mariner 1 is launched which is destructively aborted minutes after take off due to faulty guidance commands.
  • August 27, 1962  - United States launches Mariner 2 which passed within 22,000 miles of Venus.
  • July 10, 1962  - Telstar 1 completes first trans Atlantic telecast.
  • November 28, 1964  - United States launches Mariner 4 which is the first space probe to successfully reach Mars, sending back photos and data of the planet to Earth.

Did You Know?

 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

1940’s:

Inventions and Technology

  • Automation ----- 1946 USA by Henry Ford
  • Mobile Phone ----- 1947 USA
  • Transistor ----- 1947 USA from Bell Laboratories
  • Long Playing Record LP ----- 1948 USA made of vinyl and played at 33 rpm
  • Microwave Oven ----- 1946 USA by Percy L Spencer
  • 45 rpm Record ----- 1949 USA

Costs & Prices

  • 100 aspirin 76 cents
  • Philco Refrigerator $239.00
  • Pork Loin Roast per pound 45 cents
  • Nylon Hose 20 cents
  • New Emerson Bedroom Radio  $19.65
  • Men's Suits from $24.50
  • Portable electric heater $42.50
  • Ford Super Deluxe Sedan Coupe $1395
  • Sealey Mattress $38.00

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

1950’s:

Inventions & Technology

  • Breeder Reactor - 1951 USA Converted Uranium to Plutonium
  • Hydrogen Bomb - 1952 USA by Edward Teller's team
  • Transistor Radio - 1953 USA Texas Instruments
  • Robot - 1954 USA by George C Devol Jr
  • Solar Cell - 1954 USA Or Photovoltaic cells
  • Video Recorder - 1956 USA
  • Video Tape - 1956 USA
  • Microchip - 1958 USA by Jack Kilby
  • Computer Modem - 1958 USA

Costs & Prices

  • Chrysler New Yorker $4347
  • Chevrolet Corvette $3631
  • Men's All Wool Suits $28.90
  • Square dance Cotton Check Dress $3.29
  • Electric Portable Singer Sewing Machine $19.90
  • Ronson Electric Shaver $28.50
  • Rib Roast 29 cents per pound
  • Ritz Crackers 32 cents
  • Rollaway Beds $14.95
  • Ring 1 carat Diamond $399.00
  • Mechanical Adding Machine $3.98
 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

1960’s:

Inventions & Technology

  • Laser - 1960 USA by Theodore Maiman
  • LEDs - 1962 USA Light Emitting Diodes - used for displays
  • Computer Mouse - 1964 USA by Douglas Engelbart

Costs & Prices

  • Volkswagen beetle $1,769
  • Ford Mustang 2 door hardtop $2368
  • Misses Swinging Shifts Skirts $5.00
  • Oxford men's Shoes $12.95
  • Oxford men's Shoes $12.95
  • 1960 Men's Pocket Watch $9.44
  • Automatic Can Opener $8.88
  • Automatic Electric Blanket $9.94
  • Oranges 89 cents for 2 dozen
  • Oven ready Turkeys 39 cents per pound
  • Modern Walnut Bookcase $29.97
  • Coal $14.95 ton
 
 

Other Interesting Facts:

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

-School dances were held typically once a week in school gyms after sports games.  It was a time when parents and teachers worked hard to provide a safe place to be social and have fun.  Popular dances of the time were:
-    The Twist
-    The Mash Potato
-    The Bunny Hop
-    The Stroll
-    The Monster Mash
-    The Dog
-    The Limbo

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

-Smoking was a very popular and an accepted social past time in the 1950’s and 1960’s.  Many parents smoked, Lucille Ball, Betty Davis and many other actors and actresses of the time, who also served as role models to a young generation,  smoked.  We can never forget the rugged cowboy image of the ‘Marlboro Man’!  Cigarette vending machines were located everywhere, and as well smoking was allowed in grocery stores, restaurants, bowling alleys and doctor offices to name some.

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

 -“Que Sera Sera” by Doris Day was a song that remains in the recesses of everyone’s minds….even to this day!  Some insist that this song taught a way of looking at life that is still used today to calm ones self!

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

-Gregg shorthand was a mandatory course for anyone who wanted to be a secretary which was one of the few career options available for women in the 50’s and 60’s.  The written language of lines, arcs, dots and dashes is a dying art to the pleasure of some!

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

-Girls who became pregnant before wedlock were considered “bad girls” in school and typically were not allowed back in school even if they were married.

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

-Birth control pills made one of the most important impacts on the female baby boomers and the women who followed.  Contrary to popular belief back then, it did not encourage promiscuity.  Instead, they helped to eliminate the back street abortions that were the only option to women in the 50’s and 60’s.  Until birth control, there were horror stories of back street abortions, such as this one quoted by an anonymous source:
“I still remember a room mate in college who was supposedly ‘having an abortion’ in 1964.  Twice a week for over a month, she met the so-called doctor in a seedy apartment building for a treatment that he promised would cause her to lose her baby.  Long story short, he had been sexually abusing her with manual manipulations and injections of sugar water.  She ended up having to quit college, get married and had a healthy baby but I doubt she ever could erase the memory of the ‘so-called abortion doctor’ and the money she gave him.”

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

- Baseball was still America’s ball game!  When the World Series was playing, teachers would play the radio in the class rooms so all students could listen to the games.

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

- Monthly drills of “under the desk” for world disaster were common place in schools then, yet it was never really ever seriously considered that the United States would or could ever be attacked.  That is, until 9-11.

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

- McDonalds hamburgers were a gift to college students living on a tight budget, a treat to kids of all ages, and a favorite of all!  That is when we all thought they actually tasted good….and were good for you!

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

 - S&S green stamps and Blue Chip stamps were a favorite.  Many nights were spent licking away and pasting at the dining table!

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

 - From the manual typewriter to the beginning of the ‘selectric’ typewriter by IBM.  Soon enough the progression would lead to the computer  and the end of that memorable ‘clicking’ sound.

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

 - Drive-In movies…ooolala!

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

 - TV dinners and their counterpart, the TV dinner tray on legs.  When we think of it all now!

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

 - The publishing of Playboy and Playgirl magazine.

 
 Baby Boomer Generation Facts

 A day when Romance magazines were taboo in most households….but this still never curtailed their secret viewing.






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